NSCLC

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NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC)

Non-small cell lung cancer occurs when cells of the lungs become abnormal and begins to grow uncontrollably and when they keep increasing they form tumors and start to spread all over the body.

TYPES OF NON-SMALL CELL LUNG:  

There are two types of lung cancers and they are Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and these types of lung cancer are treated very differently.

There are subtypes of NSCLC, which start from different types of lung cells. But they are grouped together as NSCLC because the approach to treatment and prognosis are often similar.

Adenocarcinomas: About 40% of lung cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers start in early versions of the cells that would normally secrete substances such as mucus.

Squamous cell carcinoma: About 25% to 30% of all lung cancers are Squamous cell carcinomas. These cancers start in early versions of squamous cells, which are flat cells that line the inside of the airways in the lungs.

Large cell carcinoma: This type accounts for about 10% to 15% of lung cancers. It can appear in any part of the lung. It tends to grow and spread quickly, which makes it harder to treat.

Other subtypes: A few other subtypes of NSCLC, such as adenosquamous carcinoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma, are much less common.

SYMPTOMS:

The common symptoms of Non small cell lung cancer are fatigue, persistent cough, chest pain, weakness, joint pain, bone pain, coughing up blood, breathing problems etc.

DIAGNOSIS TOOLS:

  • Bone scan
  • MRI, CT scan, and PET scan of the chest
  • Microscopic examination of sputum to check for cancer cells
  • Biopsy of lung (a piece of lung tissue is removed for testing)

NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER MEDICATION

  • Medicine Name: PORTRAZZA
  • Medicine Name: necitumumab
  • Company Name: Eli Lilly and Company

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