Ophthalmology refers to the medical sciences that deals with the rectification of diseases and disorders related to the eyes. It is mentioned in an ancient book that there are 76 different ailments and disorder related to eyes. Out of 76 there 51 other ailments that need surgery.

An Ophthalmologist is a specialist doctor of ophthalmology. There are two specialist surgerical and medical specialists; a multiple of diseases can be diagnosed from the eye.

Classification of Ophthalmology:

Ophthalmology includes subspecialties which deal with the diseases of certain parts of the eye. They are anterior segment surgery, Retinal ophthalmologyCataractsCornea, ocular surface, and external disease, GlaucomaMedical retinaNeuro-ophthalmologyOcular oncologyOculoplasticsOphthalmic pathologyPediatric ophthalmology/strabismusRefractive surgeryUveitisImmunologyVeterinary formalVitreo-retinal surgery.

An Eye surgery is also known as ocular surgery and this surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist. Eye is a fragile organ so extreme level of care should be taken while performing surgery.

There are a number of eye surgeries they are Laser eye surgeryCataract surgeryGlaucoma surgeryCanaloplastyRefractive surgeryCorneal surgeryVitreo-retinal surgeryEye muscle surgeryOculoplastics surgeryEyelid surgeryOrbital surgeryOther Oculoplastics surgerySurgery involving the lacrimal apparatusEye removalOther surgery.

The three type of eye care professionals:

Opticians are those technicians who have 2 years technical degree that allows them to work in an optometrist office or at an eye glass store; they are trained to read vision correction prescriptions from doctors and supply lenses and glasses to the customers.

Optometrists are those who can treat common eye problems and certain abnormalities and diseases.

Ophthalmologists are the doctors of eyes they can perform all types of eye problems, injuries and diseases and also can perform eye surgery.