Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is also known as emotional liability which is a type of affect characterized by uncontrollably crying or laughing, or other emotional displays. Pseudobulbar affect occurs secondary to a neurologic disorder or brain injury. Patients may cry uncontrollably at something that is only moderately sad and they are being unable to stop themselves for several minutes or a patient might laugh uncontrollably when angry or frustrated.
The main causes of the pseudobulbar affect are Stroke, Traumatic brain injury, Parkinson’s disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and Multiple sclerosis.
Severe symptoms of Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) may cause embarrassment, depression, social isolation, and anxiety. The condition might interfere with your work and do daily tasks, especially when you are already coping with neurological condition.
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is diagnosed during a neurological testing. Specialists who can diagnose PBA are psychiatrists, internists, neuropsychologists and neurologists, Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is often misdiagnosed as depression, epilepsy, generalized anxiety disorder, a personality disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
The treatment for Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is to reduce the severity and reduce the level of emotional outburst, the treatment we give is medication and the medication choice includes Antidepressants and Nuedexta.
PSEUDOBULBAR AFFECT MEDICATION
- NUEDEXTA (dextromethorphan hydrobromide and quinidine sulfate)capsules
- RYTARY (carbidopa and levodopa) extended-release capsules